The World Will Change by Creating a New One

There is a lot of uncertainty at present with the war in the Middle East, the devastation of Ukraine, the mass shooting in Maine and the lack of political leadership in the U.S. The Catholic Church concluded its month-long synod with no clear outcome or direction. The feeling of a destabilized world is creating global depression and anxiety, the feeling of a world out of control. We approach the world as passive recipients, a world that is distinct from us and to which we must respond. I am often astounded at the number of pundits who diagnose the world’s problems and provide all sorts of logical explanations, as if logical analysis could resolve the polarization in the Church or the total breakdown of a mass shooter. I am fairly certain that if we shut down all news outlets and social media apps tomorrow, we actually might be in a better place to assess what the world is doing and where it is going. From where I stand, the problems of the world are fundamentally the problem of God. Not that God is responsible for the world’s problems; rather, the world functions in the same way that God functions for us, as something or Someone distant from us, affecting us and to which we must respond. In classical theology, God is outside space and time and has no real relations with creation, as Thomas Aquinas taught:

Since therefore God is outside the whole order of creation, and all creatures are ordered to Him, and not conversely, it is manifest that creatures are really related to God Himself; whereas in God there is no real relation to creatures, but a relation only in idea, in as much as creatures are referred to Him.[1]

But the world is not something we participate in; it is something we are, in the same way that God is not a divine being we participate in, God is what we are in the ineffable depth of our existence. Without conscious materiality, we cannot conceive of God. This idea is heretical to most Christians because God still functions as the great sky God who oversees creation, a divine Being who providentially watches over created beings. Two weeks ago, I attended a daily liturgy and the elderly priest spoke in no uncertain terms: “God is in control.” I thought to myself, these words, innocently and fervently spoken, are more dangerous than lethal weapons. They create the illusion that passivity is acceptable because God will take care of everything. By doing so, we allow the wildness of the world to lash out in its hunger for wholeness.

There are two ideas I want to share here. First, we need a God revolution, a total and complete theological upgrade, including God’s relation to the world, salvation, and the life we hope for. Second, unless we begin to understand the relationship between God and technology, we will miss the jet plane zipping into the future. Religious people continue to use old language and old paradigms to try to make sense of the world—and it is not working. A God who is increasingly out of touch with the world is a God who is quickly dismissed from the world. Without understanding the meaning of God in relation to the whole, we cannot adequately relate to a God who is for the world in all its messiness.

The upgrade of God cannot begin with Scripture, as the sacred writings are a relatively recent phenomenon in the history of evolution. Rather the question of God begins with the twin pillars of evolution and quantum reality. Teilhard de Chardin considered matter and consciousness not as two substances or two different modes of existence. . .but as two aspects of the same cosmic stuff. The within is the mental aspect and the without is the physical aspect of the same stuff; matter and mind are co-related in the evolutionary movement of life. Evolution is the rise of consciousness, and the human person is the most complex, thinking portion of the universe, “the point of emergence in nature, at which this deep cosmic evolution culminates and declares itself.”[2] Teilhard recognized a unifying influence in the whole evolutionary process, a centrating factor that holds the entire process together and moves it forward toward greater complexity and unity. He called this principle Omega, the centration of love, and identified Omega with the biblical God. His faith led him to posit God incarnate as the future fullness of the whole evolutionary process. He spoke of the universe as “christogenic,” meaning that the convergent process of evolution, which consistently moves in the direction of greater complexity and consciousness, is the rising up of God through the energies of love. His ideas can be disturbing, especially if we think of God as a grandfather figure, but as philosopher Richard Kearny states, “there is more to God than being.” Being is dynamic, as Martin Heidegger realized, because being itself is the energy of becoming. God is not a perfect being; God is perfect becoming. God is the great “I AM” or “Life itself;” according to the Gospel of John, God’s life is love (Jn 4:13). Hence God is personal, relational, self-communicative love. God is other-centered, and we are the otherness of God. We are the children of divine, self-giving love.

Teilhard de Chardin understood that the universe is the unfolding of spacetime matter. All life is dynamically coming into being. God too is coming-into-being through the formation of conscious matter. In this respect, matter is God-filled; it has an ineffable depth of potential life. Without matter, Teilhard wrote, we would remain ignorant of ourselves and God. Conscious material life, therefore, will continuously search for more life primarily because divinity seeks completion in intelligent life. God and matter are entangled in a cosmotheandric whole and the whole is in evolution. We know this wholeness of life through the energy of love. It is love that awakens us to the whole both inwardly and outwardly. In and through love God is actualized because the divine energies of love are embodied, and it is the embodiment of divine love that unifies the world in its formation. Only in love are we the co-creators of a more just and peaceful world because we are creatively united with God. It matters, therefore, how we love, what we do in the name of love, and how love empowers us to create the world.

Teilhard did not see evolution as a forward movement without resistance. The forces of history acting on humanity must either complexify it, causing humanity to evolve, or force humanity to wither. The birth of the tribes, of the empires, and of the modern states is the offspring of the great movement of evolution towards socialization or collectivization. We have reached the end of the expanding or “diversity” stage and are now entering the contracting or “unifying” stage. The human is on the threshold of a critical phase of super-humanization: the increasingly rapid growth in the human world of the forces of collectivization, the “super arrangement” or the mega-synthesis.[3] At this point, Teilhard’s theory runs counter to Darwin’s in that the success of humanity’s evolution is that the second stage will not be determined by “survival of the fittest” but by our own capacity to converge and unify.[4] The most important initial evolutionary leap of the convergence stage is the formation of what he called “the noosphere.”[5] The evolutionary vigor of humankind, he said, can wither away if we should lose our impulse, or worse, develop a distaste for ever-increased growth in complexity–consciousness.[6] The danger he worried about most is that humanity, in losing its faith in God, would also lose what he called its “Zest for Living.”[7] He questioned whether or not the human race, having experienced “a scientific justification of faith in progress, was now being confronted by an accumulation of scientific evidence pointing to the reverse –the species doomed to extinction.”[8] The only solution he indicated is not “an improvement of living conditions,” as desirable as that might be; rather the inner pressures of history are the catalyst for evolution toward more being. Before the human emerged, Teilhard said, it was natural selection that set the course of morphogenesis; after humans it is the power of invention that begins to grasp the evolutionary reigns.[9] He predicted the evolution of the computer as the “brain” behind the noosphere and thus the catalyst for the next step of evolution.

Technology is speeding up evolution exponentially; the rate of computing power is doubling every two years. Futurist Ray Kurzweil anticipates an increasingly virtual life in which the bodily presence of human beings will become irrelevant. Kurzweil claims that machine-dependent humans will eventually create the virtual reality of eternal life, possibly by “neurochips” or simply by becoming totally machine dependent. As we move beyond mortality through computational technology, our identity will be based on our evolving mind file. We will be software not hardware. By replacing living bodies with virtual bodies capable of transferal and duplication, we will become disembodied super minds.[10] Robert Geraci states, “our new selves will be infinitely replicable, allowing them to escape the finality of death.”[11]

While most theologians are fearful of technology and do not understand Teilhard’s writings or dismiss him as spiritually lukewarm, evolutionary thinkers have grasped on to his new paradigm. Transhumanists look to a post-biological future where super-informational beings will flourish and biological limits such as disease, aging and death, and perhaps even sin, will be overcome. Katherine Hayles, in her book How We Became Posthuman writes, “in the posthuman, there are no essential differences, or absolute demarcations, between bodily existence and computer simulation, cybernetic mechanism and biological organism, robot technology and human goals.”[12] She concludes with this sober thought: “Humans can either go gently into that good night, joining the dinosaurs as a species that once ruled the earth but is now obsolete, or hang on for a while longer by becoming machines themselves. In either case… the age of the human is drawing to a close.”[13] While the Catholic Church is still trying to understand Vatican II which ended in 1965; the rest of the world is being remade by bits of information packaged into silicon form.

If we are concerned about the prevalence of war and poverty, the persistence of global warming and the lack of gender inclusion, among other concerns, then we have to ask, what moves the world? The short answer is creative ideas that improve life. Two thousand years ago, the words of Jesus of Nazareth sparked a fire by daring to imagine that something small and insignificant, like a mustard seed, could blossom into the reign of God. Today the mustard seeds of imagination are in the arts, such as music and poetry, but more so in the art of building things, the art of design. The scientific and technological feats today are astounding. New biomedical methods, such as gene-editing and prosthetic devices, can repair and replenish; engineers are building robots that mimic human form and function, and computer scientists are creating new software that can interact on the level of human thought. With each invention, life is being changed. Does theology and liturgy change us as well? Teilhard was deeply committed to the Catholic Church, but he was also aware that the changes needed to enact a new planetary wholeness will not take place in institutional religion. Religious institutions, in his view, are meant to be at the service of evolution and not the other way around.

The use of technology to transcend biological limits, known as Transhumanism, has its roots in the Christian tradition. The first written appearance of any form of the word “transhumanism” is found in The Divine Comedy by the Italian poet Dante (c. 1265–1321) who coined the word trasumanar to describe the glorious transformation that awaits human beings as they are taken up into the eternal presence of God. The word trasumanar suggests an ongoing process and not a final state. “To go beyond the human,” Dante writes, “is something that cannot be described in words.”[14] It builds on the scriptural passage of Saint Paul in his Letter to the Corinthians: ‘Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither has it entered the conception of man’” (1 Cor 2:9).[15] Julian Huxley, brother of Aldous Huxley, was the first to use the word “transhumanism” in the modern context:

The human species can, if it wishes, transcend itself—not just sporadically, an individual one way, an individual there in another way—but in its entirety, as humanity. We need a name for this new belief. Perhaps transhumanism will serve: man, remaining man, but transcending himself, by realizing new possibilities of and for his human nature.[16]

Technology builds on the ineffable God-dimension of the human person who, being created in the image of God, is oriented toward divinization, or becoming God-like. The essence of humanity, therefore, is to be unbounded, open to the infinite. The potential for the infinite is actualized in and through the finite. Our human openness to transcendence is grounded in the awareness of infinite reality or transcendence of God. Teilhard’s novel understanding of theogenesis is based on the idea that God is not outside us but the very ground or depth of conscious life and hence God is within and ahead since divinity itself overflows into the future. To enter into the uncharted depths of consciousness, which is the fruit of prayer, is to harness the energies of love for the forward movement of humanity.

Theology continues to have an allergic reaction to science, as if theologians might get infected with new age talk or corrupt the pristine and brilliant insights of the tradition. Nothing could be further from the truth. One of the principal mottos of Vatican II was to “read the signs of the times.” One of the most glaring signs is staring us in the face each day, our computer screen by which we engage with one another through the global brain of the internet. AI is not a threat to religion but the very place where God is emerging, as Philip Hefner wrote: “If we cannot imagine that religion takes shape in technology, then we have eliminated the religious depth dimension of the most significant development in human becoming. To eliminate religion from technology, he continued, is to leave us vulnerable and fearful.”

Recently, I came across an advertisement for a course on “The Algorithmic Sublime: Technology, Infinite, and Transcendence.” The instructor, Frank Shepard, describes the course in this way:

The sublime as a philosophical concept refers to that which exceeds rationality: the incomprehensible beauty and horror of the spirit and the natural world. But if the sublime is irrational (literally, cannot be subjected to logic) how can we make sense of the various ways that it is mediated by the rigidly logical systems of computational machinery? Computer science has always been entangled with questions of growth and the infinite, theorizing its own limits, and transcending them. . . .In this course, we will. . .develop a deep understanding of how the unfathomable is rendered operable by algorithms and digital media.

Could you imagine if Gregory of Nyssa or Thomas Aquinas read this course description? I am sure they would sign up without delay. For the ground of imagination and creativity, the infinite potential of the psyche, the ground of which is God, is the stuff of AI pushing us into a radically new future. Borrowing the words of Rudolph Otto, AI is a mysterium tremendum et fascinosum, a tremendous mystery that attracts. It is both fascinating and frightful. It is changing the world on every level at an alarming speed. While the Catholic Church is wondering if women should be deacons or if LGBTQ+ persons can be married and fully included in community, developers of AI are imaging a world of robotics and implantable software, a world without religion because technology breathes the air of godly power. Karl Marx once said that religion is the opium of the people. He was not entirely wrong. Static religious ideas help preserve harmful status quos in an evolutionary cosmos where standing still is moving backwards. Keeping God at a safe distance is a recipe for disaster. We need a theological spring-cleaning, and new theological ideas to motivate and energize our weary minds and hearts. We need to pay attention to what drives technology, why technology pulls us into its expanse of infinite possibilities, and then we need to ask, who is the God of my heart?

Religious people have much to learn from technology on the possibilities of life itself. Teilhard insisted that technology is the new means of evolutionary convergence on a new level of biological life.[17] In his Future of Man he wrote: “We are witnessing a truly explosive growth of technology and research, bringing a…mastery…of cosmic energy. . .the rapid heightening of psychic temperature…the growth of a true ultra-human.”[18] He was also aware, however, that without religion or faith in a personal God, the world could culminate in the impersonal. A world culminating in the impersonal, he indicated, can bring us neither warmth of attraction nor hope of irreversibility [immortality] without which individual egotism will dominate and rebel. “The danger of technology,” Ron Cole-Turner states, “is that it offers the illusion of a managed grace whereby the self can fix itself up without changing and remaining in control – so we think.”[19]Technology is not out of control because it is a real power, he states, but because “we cannot control what is supposed to control it, namely, ourselves.”[20]

Teilhard thought that without a true center, evolution cannot progress toward its ultimate consummation.[21] While he was attracted by the computer and thought that technology could bring about well-being, only spirituality and an increase in Omega-consciousness can bring about more well-being.[22] Science is limited in what it can achieve: “However far science pushes its discovery of the essential fire and however capable it becomes someday of remodeling and perfecting the human element, it will always find itself in the end facing the same problem–how to give to each and every element its final value by grouping them in the unity of an organized whole.”[23] Science is not an end in itself but a means to harness the spirit. As he wrote: “It is not a tête-à-tête or a corps-à-corps we need; it is a heart to heart.”[24] If super-intelligence cannot ultimately lead to super-love and super-compassion, then we risk losing everything at the hands of a machine.

We need to upgrade God and pay attention to the impulses of technology. If we can adjust our sails and move in a new direction, we will begin to realize the energy within us that yearns for a new world is the energy among us waiting to be harnessed into new patterns of religious belief and ritual. We need to creatively engage and imagine together what the world can be, what the words of Jesus, the Buddha, Abraham, and all spiritual leaders mean for us in the twenty-first century. One of the guiding principles of the World Transhumanist movement is sapere aude, have the courage to think. Christians tend to distrust thinking as an act of power for reasons due to sin, the weakness of the flesh, and other outdated ideas; hence, they look towards the voices of ecclesial authority to help guide their thoughts. But modern science supports neither original sin nor the weakness of the flesh. God has empowered this creation with infinite potential for the fullness of life. Hence, we must overcome the fear of institutional constraints and go forth thoughtfully and in freedom to act wildly Godly, to harness the Godly potential for new life within, and to live to the point of tears. Faith is a technology of the spirit; to have faith is to be an artisan of the future.

Notes:

[1] Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica I, Q 13, a. 7.

[2]Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, Human Energy, trans. J. M. Cohen (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1969), 2

[3] Articulo, “Towards an Ethics of Technology,” 5.

[4] Teilhard de Chardin, Phenomenon of Man, 243.

[5] Teilhard de Chardin, Future of Man, 204. “In the 1920s Teilhard coined the word noosphere in collaboration with his friend Edouard Le Roy. Derived from the Greek word nous or mind in the sense of integrating vision, the noosphere describes the layer of mind, thought and spirit within the layer of life covering the earth.” Ursula King, “One Planet, One Spirit: Searching for an Ecologically Balanced Spirituality,” in Pierre Teilhard de Chardin on People and Planet, ed. Cecelia Deane-Drummond (London: Equinox, 2008), 82.

[6] Teilhard Future of Man, 213.

[7] Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, The Activation of Energy, trans. René Hague (New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1970), 229-43.

[8] Teilhard de Chardin, Future of Man, 298-303.

[9] Teilhard de Chardin, Future of Man, 307.

[10] David F. Noble, Religion of Technology: The Divinity of Man and the Spirit of Invention (New York: Penguin Books, 1999), 154. Ray Kurzweil defines the singularity as the point at which machines become sufficiently intelligent to start teaching themselves. When that happens, he indicates, the world will irrevocably shift from the biological to the mechanical. See Ray Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence (New York: Viking, 1999), 3-5.

[11] Robert Geraci, “Spiritual Robots: Religion and Our Scientific View of the Natural World,” Theology and Science 4.3 (2006): 235.

[12] N. Katherine Hales, How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics (Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 2-3.

[13]Ibid.

[14] The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri: Paradiso, trans. Allen Mandelbaum (New York: Bantam Books, 1984), 7.

[15] Peter Harrison and Joseph Wolyniak, “The History of Transhumanism,” Notes and Queries 62 (3): 466.

[16] Julian Huxley, Religion Without Revelation (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979, reprint), 195.

[17] Teilhard de Chardin, Future of Man, 316.

[18] Teilhard de Chardin, Future of Man, 289.

[19] Cole-Turner, “Biotechnology and the Religion-Science Discussion,” 941.

[20] Cole-Turner, “Biotechnology and the Religion-Science Discussion,” 942.

[21] Teilhard de Chardin, Future of Man, 301.

[22] Grau, Morality and the Human Future, 275.

[23] Teilhard de Chardin, Phenomenon of Man, 250.

[24] Teilhard de Chardin, Future of Man, 75; Kenny, A Path through Teilhard’s Phenomenon, 138.

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21 Comments

  1. George Marsh on November 10, 2023 at 10:01 pm

    The distinctions you make are worth making. In a transitional time such as this I think that new wineskins, so to speak, must be made for the new wine of spirituality at its best. Many students of human behavior are pleased to see new or creative rituals take the place of old ones that do not inspire. A certain formality or pattern may engage a congregation of several, if not hundreds, after traditional ceremonies fade into irrelevance. I’m open to worship without settings that have historical status, as Jesus foretold. And I think Ilia Delio has written that elements of the past usually are transformed without completely leaving past imagery behind. The languages of the human race will not soon give way to numbers and other symbols, I believe.

  2. Dollie on November 10, 2023 at 1:41 pm

    How can I get a copy of this insightful article? I wasn’t able to print it in its entirety.

    • Christogenesis on November 15, 2023 at 5:56 pm

      Hi Dollie,

      We’d be happy to send the article to you via email. Thank you for reaching out.

  3. Joe Masterleo on November 10, 2023 at 12:59 pm

    Thanks for the reminder, George. Well intentioned, but unnecessary. My words were not a nihilistic commentary on the insignificance of social structures, relationships, and/or community, all vital aspects of the whole (properly ordered, that is). Also, I respectfully disagree that “all structures eventually evolve into one.” There’s too much historical evidence on institutional dysfunction and decay to the contrary to list them all here. Students of history understand that. If u hadn’t noticed, religious institutions are falling out of favor worldwide, hemorrhaging congregants, and not so much for reasons of apostasy. They’re irrelevantly defunct, wheezing at best, medieval in their orientation and teachings. But not exclusively, just mostly. After all, even blind squirrels stumble upon a few nuts now and then. Just like clocks that don’t work are accurate twice a day. A reminder, dinosaurs don’t “evolve,” they die out, as the human species might if it fails to turn itself around. Extinction is not evolution. Religion intersects only sometimes with spirituality, then not very much. Such doesn’t mean good things don’t happen in them. Ditto political institutions. And there is, George, a vast difference between judging and discernment, just as wide a difference as between institutional religion and spirituality, or justice and the judicial system. Or for that matter, sheep and goats. Not arguing here, just saying.

  4. nancy wolter on November 10, 2023 at 11:37 am

    Such clarity, wisdom , compassion, understanding here. Thank you.

  5. George Marsh on November 10, 2023 at 10:57 am

    Joe, dear brother in Christ, do not let the perfect be the enemy of the good. Even an anchorite like Julian or Norwich depended on others for care. The basic structure of society is the family. Social and political structures of many kinds enable individual humans to grow and thrive. All people have seen such structures at their worst, and all structures will ultimately evolve into One, but for today and throughout the development of the human race humans need each other and find others good, on the whole. The name Ichabod means “without glory,” and it’s a warning to avoid vainglory or baseless pride, but if humanity is made and sustained by God, there is true glory in that, in the Mystical Body of Christ. Christ consciousness is very good, if we can rate goodness, but even those with mental handicaps and sins are beloved by God, and (I hope) by the humans and angels who love them. (Oh, yes, and there is the well-worn phrase, “Judge not, lest you be judged” by the same or a higher standard.) Peace and all good.

  6. Joe Masterleo on November 10, 2023 at 7:22 am

    Mr. Salvati, lest one forgets, our standard is the Word of God, and not the political or religious institutions of man, “whose breath is in his nostrils and of no account” owing to same (Isa. 2:22). Only the divine breath (ruach) endures and gives them life. History shows in all civilizations these man made structures crumble, passing away as fading flowers and withering grass, having no enduring spiritual merit at the last. Such is dismissed and devalued in the Word, referred to as “the arm of flesh,” subject to vanity and corruption. Jesus had no use for either, and invested zero time and energy in that direction. As his followers, we must do likewise. There is no salvation in religious or political structures and institutions, save in detaching from them. That’s what the mystics were/are all about. As such, says here, Ilia’s and your discouragement in those areas are par for the course, necessary in drawing nearer to Christ consciousness and the kingdom. So be of good cheer, you’re getting warmer, closer to entering into same more fully. And u can look it up, particularly the word “Ichabod” and it’s biblical meaning in reference to such things.

  7. Gennaro Giordano on November 9, 2023 at 4:44 pm

    This is an awesome essay. I so hope we can move in this direction. We must enter this unifying stage, I am with you on this journey. It is where God is leading my heart.

  8. John Salvati on November 9, 2023 at 4:44 pm

    “…the lack of political leadership in the U.S. The Catholic Church concluded its month-long synod with no clear outcome or direction.” With due respect, and tons are due, and from these words onward, I concur entirely. Yet, I must respond to these statements as best I can.
    Initially, there is strong political leadership in the US. For better or worse, the framers paid great attention to creating an open system and a ‘balance of power.’ They worried about the tyranny of the majority. However, that system of governance can be hamstrung by its opposite, a dictatorship of the minority, which we see in the selection of someone unfit for leadership to become President through the Electoral College. That ‘voice’ is now amplified by a media equally incompetent and incapable of reasoned critique.
    The result is that a Republican Party in the House, and we all know the names, is acting to turn our system of governance into a closed system, ignoring the complexity, plurality, and uncertainty of the cosmos.
    If one considers the movement of the Church after our forty years of ecclesial winter, one sees a massive ocean liner changing its course, amid the terrible waters of sexual abuse.
    Indeed, in the US and elsewhere, monied interests inject their hollow thinking into certain of our bishops, exactly what they do within our political system, while a fragile seminary system injects its poor theological study into new seminarians. How many Seminaries have Ilia’s work and ideas as part of their curriculum? Yet, changing the church is. Women as voting members at a synod, and transgender folk are now able to be baptized and be Godparents. Yikes, the participants at Vatican 1 are spinning in their graves. The track has been established, slow and grinding as it may be, and there is no turning back.

  9. Joe Masterleo on November 9, 2023 at 6:58 am

    The essence of life and the highest part of matter is spirit, the ghost in the biological machine. Of God, said spirit is a holy (whole-making) spirit. The modern digital-age name for same is “software,” while the digital-age name for the biotic machine is the “hardware.” Same essence innermost and outermost, different form. The evolved being of the future will be neither a theologian, nor a scientist, nor an academic in the strictest sense, but a polymath, one consciously oriented to a spiritual (software/virtual) center in his/her being that synthesizes all fields of knowledge by a single element (singularity) common to all things. S/he will be able to answer, with specificity, two scientifically informed questions with a single word, whose animating nature and substance are common to all things universally: What is it, substantively, that fires up the equations of physicists? And, what do we lose, or is lost when a cell (or person) dies? As of now, but becoming obsolete, science is the hardware store of creation, and spirituality its software store. In reality, both ‘stores’ are one and the same store, the “mother” (Amazon) of one stop shopping/knowing.

  10. George Marsh on November 8, 2023 at 9:40 pm

    With God all things are possible. Jesus came so that people can live life to the full. With a technology seen as a divine gift, humans who have the theological gifts of faith, hope and love can make the world better. A technological orientation positively aimed, combined with the skill to encourage hopeful cooperation among other humans in commerce and politics, can progressively evolve toward Omega. I think Ilia Delio’s ideas are compatible with progressive social thought and practices. Dialogue helps, and artful translation is essential, as are humilty, patience and respect for those who don’t think in the same way.

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