By Emily A. DeMoor, Ph.D.
It’s a cold and foggy morning in western Kentucky. The colors are muted, and outlines of shapes and forms are increasingly blurred as you look towards the distance to a point where they seem to be only suggestions of forms; half-remembered dreams of identity and wholeness. The sky is a dull, monotonous glow, without differentiation, thus there is no defining context. The city could be anywhere. This scene brings to mind a poem called “Colorloss,” which I wrote in 1995 while watching the sun set.
Ducks darken into silhouettes, then disappear
as greens, blues, and whites merge into gray,
Leaving silver ridges that glide forward
on a monochromatic plane.
Flowers lose their hue and become indistinguishable
As they are absorbed into larger forms.
A color-thief sun casts a farewell stripe
of bronze across the metallic pond
While the earth turns away from her fire.
Nature must now animate herself
by her own memory of light and color
Until painted slowly again
by the sun’s glowing brush.
And so I wait for you, O Love…
to paint me once again.
Little did I know that this experience of loss would be eerily similar to my experience of developing cataracts in my eyes almost three decades later, with the thief in this case being age. My research on cataracts prior to my surgery revealed that seeing is a complex and wondrous process. Simply put, light rays enter the eye through the cornea, pupil and lens. Photoreceptors (rods and cones) change light into energy that is transmitted as electrical impulses through the optic nerve to the brain where the impulses become images.
Cataracts form when the proteins and fibers in the eye’s lens tissue break down. The cataract distorts the light that passes through the lens by scattering and blocking it, which prevents a clearly defined image from reaching the retina. Vision is blurred, colors are dimmed and often yellowed, and night vision is frequently impaired. During cataract surgery tiny instruments are used to break apart the cloudy lens, which is then removed and replaced with a clear, artificial, intraocular lens that becomes a permanent part of the eye.
According to evolutionary cosmologist Brian Swimme, until about 600 million years ago life had developed without eyesight: “And there were great struggles, magnificent strategies, and soaring feelings, all within a blind world. And nowhere was there a vision of waterfalls, nowhere the experience of the blue sky, or the desert colors awakening in their first rain.” He explains that the eye has been evolving continuously, along with the ear, the mind, the sense of touch and overall sensitivity, as life has become increasingly sentient.
In discussing evolution, author Barbara Brown Taylor proposes that there lies a third alternative between Genesis and Darwin: “a creation dependent neither on a literal reading of the Bible nor on the random variations of genes, but on laws of complexity we are only beginning to understand.” She continues, “Instead of a collection of genetic accidents, there are patterns more like blueprints that tend to organize cells the same basic way every time. These patterns explain why something as biologically complex as an eyeball can evolve in forty separate lineages.” Water, for example, has its own dynamic of self-organization; “Stir the water and you get waves. Stir the gene pool and you get eyes, kidneys, spinal cords, and brains.”
Clearly, the universe wants to see and be seen. Humans are the way that the universe sees itself with prophetic vision, made all the more powerful and promising when the imagination is ignited by love. While awaiting my first cataract surgery, with a second one on the other eye scheduled two weeks later, I reflected upon Advent seeing –waiting for restored vision; waiting to be transformed by a more colorful, focused and vibrant vision of the Christic whole. For, as the prophet Isaiah envisioned, “then the eyes of the blind shall be opened,” to the ‘peaceable kingdom’ of the Christ as the teleological focal point. Seemingly opposite yet complementary members of the whole will move towards unity ahead as they pass through the lens of love, for multiplicity in unity is the pattern for Christic seeing:
The wolf shall live with the lamb,
the leopard shall lie down with the kid,
the calf and the lion and the fatling together,
and a little child shall lead them.
The cow and the bear shall graze,
their young shall lie down together;
and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
The nursing child shall play over the hole of the asp,
and the weaned child shall put its hand on the adder’s den.
They will not hurt or destroy on all my holy mountain;
for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord
as the waters cover the sea.
After my first cataract surgery I was deeply moved, not only by the increased clarity of seeing, but also by the vivid colors – colors I hadn’t seen since I was a teenager. And with the restored colors came recovered memories; things I hadn’t thought about for years, such as the colorful lights of a Christmas tree reflected in shiny wrapping paper, or psychedelic posters hanging on the walls of the Spencer’s store at the mall where my friends and I hung out. Regaining my sight has helped me to become like a child again, seeing a new beauty and wholeness of life and fueling the imagination. With a richer palette and clearer focus, I am able to remember and draw upon a fuller spectrum of possibilities for teleological seeing as I contribute to a larger collective vision. For, as the prophet Isaiah foretells, “Then the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together…” Love is the focusing lens through which we are drawn together in unity, re-membering who we are as part of the whole.
Ilia Delio proposes, “… the completion of creation is the fullness of God (cf. 1 Cor 15: 28).” She draws upon Teilhard’s description of the incarnation as “creative union,” which is “a process of imminent unification in which Christ is in process of being created by the gradual unification of multiplicity. Thus “creation” is to be located not at the “beginning” of the world, but as its “end.” Christ, then, is the focal point at the back of the eye, the image created in the brain, as well as the process of seeing itself. Delio continues, “The involvement of God in evolution through creative union means that everything happens as though the One were formed by successive unifications of the multiple, and as though the One were more perfect the more perfectly it centralized under itself a larger multiple. The One appears to us only in the midst of the multiple, dominating the multiple, since its essential act is to unite. God is revealed everywhere as a universal milieu, only because God is the ultimate point upon which all realities converge.”
Love is the power of Christic unification. In his first letter to the Corinthians St. Paul writes, “For we know only in part, and we prophesy only in part; but when the complete comes, the partial will come to an end. … For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then we will see face to face.” Delio ends her book, The Primacy of Love, with the words, “Through the eyes of love, we see the face of God.” All of creation will be in that face. Our task, then, is to turn towards one another in love, so that we may see our way forward together, following the star that leads to Emmanuel – God with us and “God-with(in)-us.” In her Christmas reflection Delio invites us to place a mirror in the manger, bend low to see our face within it, and be born anew as God-bearers. Thus, our forward gaze may be directed inward or outward, for epiphany occurs in all directions as we come to see ourselves in Christ and Christ in us.
 American Academy of Ophthalmology. https://www.aao.org/eye-health/anatomy/parts-of-eye.
 Mayo Clinic, “Cataracts,” https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cataracts/symptoms-causes/syc-20353790.
 In Thomas Berry, The Dream of the Earth, (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1988), vii.
 The Dream of the Earth, viii.
 Barbara Brown Taylor, The Luminous Web: Essay on Science and Religion (New York, NY: Cowley Publications, 2000), 24.
 Isaiah 35:5, NRSV
 Isaiah 11:6-9, NRSV.
 Isaiah 40:1-11, NRSV.
 Ilia Delio, The Emergent Christ (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2011), 47.
 Delio, Emergent Christ, 48.
 Also interpreted as “in a riddle.” See footnote b at https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1%20Corinthians%2013&version=NRSVCE#fen-NRSVCE-32934b.
 1 Cor. 13:9-10, 12, NRSV
 Ilia Delio, The Primacy of Love (Fortress Press: Minneapolis, 2022), 82-83.
 Francisco Burgos, Executive Director of Pendle Hill Quaker Retreat Center, In “The Joy and the Provocation of “God-With(in)-Us” Burgos translates “Emmanuel” as “God-with(in)-us.” See https://pendlehill.org/the-joy-and-the-provocation-of-god-within-us/.